CERN muon detector will get main improve for higher particle searching

Weighing in at 14,000 tonnes, the CMS experiment on the Massive Hadron Collider can now detect extra of the subatomic particles created when protons are collided


21 October 2020

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Noemi Caraban Gonzalez /CERN

Noemi Caraban Gonzalez/CERN

THIS wonderful instrument would be the world’s heaviest camera-like gadget. However as a substitute of photons of sunshine, it information one thing way more unique: muons, produced by the collisions of billions of particles.

Weighing in at 14,000 tonnes, the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is one in all 4 huge experiments on the Massive Hadron Collider, based mostly on the CERN particle physics laboratory close to Geneva, Switzerland. The LHC is essentially the most highly effective particle accelerator in existence and might push protons near the pace of sunshine.

The CMS sits at one of many LHC’s collision factors, and it builds an image of the particles produced when protons collide. It specialises in muons, negatively charged particles much like electrons however greater than 200 instances heavier.

The solenoid magnet at its core bends charged particles, serving to the CMS detect their cost and momentum. Muons are very shy of interacting with matter, in order that they move undetected by way of many of the CMS. They’re caught by elements across the detector’s edge, offering additional data that enables the advanced particle interactions occurring as protons collide to be reconstructed.

One of many particles that these collisions produce is the Higgs boson, the particle that provides all different elementary particles mass and which has a attribute decay into 4 muons.

In September, CERN completed putting in the CMS’s outermost layer of muon detectors, letting it choose up muons that scatter at an angle of 10 levels. CERN plans so as to add a whole bunch of latest detectors to increase the vary of muons it might detect.

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